Pegasti badelj / Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum L.)

Uporabni del rastline / Useful part of the plant:  plod pegastega badlja / fruit of the milk thistle (Silybum marianum fructus)

Opis in nabiranje / Description and Collection

Pegasti badelj je eden najlepših in največjih osatov. Uporabljamo predvsem seme. Seme nabiramo od junija do oktobra. Seme lahko stolčemo ali zmeljemo. Seme lahko tudi žvečimo ali pa jemljemo prašek s tekočino.

Milk thistle is one of the most beautiful and largest thistles. Milk thistle seeds are mainly used. Seeds can be collected from June to October. Seeds can be either pounded or ground. Seeds can also be chewed or consumed powdered with some liquid.

Uporabni deli rastline in delovanje / Useful parts of the plant and their effects

Pegasti badelj je zelo uporaben pri obolenjih jeter, vranice, želodca, žolčnika in pljuč, pomaga pa tudi pri ženskih boleznih. Jetra: proti zamaščenosti pomagajo predvsem zmernost pri hrani, dieta s preprosto hrano, odpoved alkoholu, pa tudi pitje čaja iz pegastega badlja. 1 čajno žličko semena pegastega badlja poparimo s četrt litra kropa, čez 20 minut precedimo v termovko in popijemo 3 skodelice na dan (na tešče, pol ure pred kosilom in pred nočnim počitkom). Temu čaju je dobro dodati poprovo meto in sicer zaradi okusa in večjega učinka. Čaj razstruplja jetra, obnavlja tkivo in zdravi celoten organ. V zvezi z jetri pomaga tudi pri zlatenici. Čaj pijemo zlasti ob zastrupitvi z gobami, ker so pri tem najbolj prizadeta jetra. Pazimo! Pri vsaki zastrupitvi z gobami takoj k zdravniku! Zdravljenje z zelišči je zdravnikovim ukrepom le v pomoč. Pri pljučnih boleznih čaj pomaga pri zdravljenju krvavega izmečka in pri kašlju. Za želodec vsebuje pegasti badelj zlasti grenčine, ki dobro vplivajo na ta organ. Jemljemo kapljice ali pa pijemo čaj. Pri vneti vranici in bolnem žolčniku pijemo poparek iz zelišča ali pa čaj iz semena. Golenske razjede – gangrene potresamo s praškom iz semen, na krčne žile pa dajemo obkladke iz čaja. Tudi ženske s pridom pijejo ta čaj pri belem toku, boleznih maternice in izostali menstruaciji.

Milk thistle is very useful for liver, spleen, stomach, gall bladder and lung ailments, and also helps with women’s ailments. Fatty liver is helped mainly by moderation in food consumption, a diet of simple foods, alcohol abstinence, and also by drinking milk thistle tea: steep 1 teaspoon of milk thistle seeds in a quarter litre of boiling water, after 20 minutes strain it to a thermos and drink 3 cups a day (in the morning on an empty stomach, half an hour before lunch, and before a night’s rest). It is a good idea to add peppermint (Mentha x piperita L.) to the tea for taste and to increase milk thistle effect. The tea detoxifies the liver, restores tissue and heals the whole organ. Jaundice is also helped by milk thistle tea. The tea is particularly useful for mushroom poisoning, as the liver is most affected. Attention! In all cases of mushroom poisoning, see a doctor immediately! Herbal treatment can only support official medicinal treatment, advised by a doctor. For lung diseases, milk thistle tea helps to cure coughs and bloody expectoration. Milk thistle also contains particularly bitter substances, which are good for the stomach. Take drops or drink the tea. For inflamed spleen and gall bladder, drink an infusion of the herb or a tea made from the seeds. For shin ulcers – gangrene: sprinkle with seed powder. For varicose veins: apply tea compresses. Women can also use this tea for white stream, uterine diseases and missed periods.

Izdelek patra Simona Ašiča, ki vsebuje semena pegastega badlja / Our products with milk thistle seeds:

Viri / Sources:

1. Domača lekarna patra Simona Ašiča. Priročnik za nabiranje zdravilnih rastlin. Celjska Mohorjeva družba.
2
. Domača lekarna patra Simona Ašiča. Recepti. Celjska Mohorjeva družba.

Pegasti badelj / Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum L.)